First Research US Industry Profile

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Solar Power Generation
SIC Codes: 4911
NAICS Codes: 221114
Last Quarterly Update: 9/5/2022
Companies in this industry operate power generation facilities that use energy from the sun to produce electric energy. Major companies include diversified electric utilities and independent producers Berkshire Hathaway Energy, NextEra Energy, Pacific Gas and Electric, Southern California Edison, and TerraForm Power (all based in the US); as well as Beijing Enterprise Holdings Limited (Hong Kong), Enerparc (Germany), Lightsource BP (UK), and SPIC (China).
China leads the world in installed solar energy capacity, followed by the European Union, the US, Vietnam, and Japan, according to Investopedia. China is the top producer of solar energy with about 50 gigawatts (GW) of photovoltaic (PV) capacity in 2020.
The US solar power generation industry includes more than 200 establishments (single-location companies and units of multi-location companies) with combined annual revenue of about $2 billion that provide a small but growing amount of the nation's electricity. Overall, solar energy accounted for about 11% of renewable energy consumed in the US in 2020.
Competitive Landscape
As with other power sources, demand for solar power is driven by residential, commercial, and industrial electricity demand, which increases with population and economic growth. Additionally, growing concern over environmental and geopolitical issues surrounding fossil fuels has boosted interest in renewable energy sources such as solar.
The profitability of individual companies is determined by government regulations and incentives, as well as technological factors. Large companies have an advantage in their ability to secure the financing necessary to build solar power generation facilities. Small companies can compete by attracting venture capital and using government subsidies. The US industry is highly concentrated: the 50 largest firms generate more than 95% of total revenue.
The competitive environment for solar power generation is complex, as the independent power producers and utilities that offer solar power often do so as part of a larger power portfolio; coal and natural gas continue to dominate the power generation market. As a technology, solar competes with other forms of renewable energy, such as wind power, for investment dollars.
Products, Operations & Technology
The major services offered by solar producers are largely composed of electricity generation at about 99% of the industry revenue. Other services offered ... plus:
Sales & Marketing
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Finance & Regulation
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Regional & International Issues
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Human Resources
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Glossary of Acronyms

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