First Research US Industry Profile

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Shipbuilding & Repairing
SIC Codes: 3731
NAICS Codes: 336611
Last Quarterly Update: 3/4/2019
Companies in this industry build and repair barges, cargo ships, naval vessels, and passenger ships, as well as platforms used for oil and gas drilling and production. Major companies include Huntington Ingalls and the shipbuilding division of General Dynamics (both based in the US), along with Hyundai Heavy Industries, Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering, and Samsung Heavy Industries (all of South Korea); China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC); China State Shipbuilding Corporation; and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (Japan).
Asian countries dominate the global shipbuilding industry, with South Korea, China, and Japan producing the vast majority of bulk carriers, containerships, oil tankers, and general cargo ships. Military vessels are a major product of the US shipbuilding industry.
The US shipbuilding and repair industry includes about 600 establishments (single-location companies and units of multi-location companies) with combined annual revenue of about $23 billion.
Competitive Landscape
Demand for military shipbuilding is largely determined by military budgets. Commercial shipbuilding demand is determined by international and domestic trade, the health of the global economy, and rate of fleet replacement due to age or obsolescence. Small companies usually specialize in building and repair of small commercial vessels. Large companies tend to offer a wide range of building and repair services for both commercial and military vessels, and enjoy economies of scale in purchasing, design, and manufacturing. The US industry is highly concentrated: the largest 50 companies account for about 90% of revenue.
In the US, most companies in the industry are involved in repair; only a handful of active shipbuilders manufacture large military and commercial vessels. US-made military vessels are sold to the US government and its allies. US builders of commercial vessels primarily serves the domestic, or Jones Act, market. (The Merchant Marine Act of 1920, or Jones Act, restricts the carriage of goods or passengers between US ports to vessels built in the US; it also limits foreign repair work on US-flagged vessels.) Due to factors including relatively high US labor costs, Jones Act restrictions, and a highly competitive global shipbuilding market, US imports and exports of ships are negligible.
Products, Operations & Technology
Revenue is generated by the design and construction of new commercial and military vessels, and the renovation and repair of existing ships. Commercial ... plus:
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Historical Profiles (PDF format)

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