Companies in this industry grow crops such as grain, oilseeds, tobacco, dry beans, potatoes, vegetables and melons, fruits and nuts, and floriculture. Major companies include Amaggi Exportação e Importação, Chiquita Brands International, Dole Food Company, Fresh Del Monte Produce, Sunkist Growers, and Total Produce.
Global crop production revenue is about $3 trillion. Sugarcane, corn, wheat, rice and potatoes are the most highly produced crops by volume. Brazil, the US, India, and China are the top crop producers.
The US crop production industry includes about 1 million farms with combined annual revenue of almost $200 billion, with corn and soybeans accounting for more than 40% of all US crop receipts.
Demand is driven by federal agricultural policy programs, global and national food consumption trends, and the grain and oilseed export market. The profitability of individual companies depends on maximizing crop yield and minimizing disease risk. Large companies have advantages in highly automated technologies and access to the latest in seed and crop technologies. Small operations can compete effectively by harvesting heirloom, non-genetically modified (GM), organic, or specialty products. Consumer demand is driving growth in organic farming. Between 2005 and 2011, certified organic cropland expanded nearly 80% to 3.1 million acres.
US exports, mainly oilseeds and grains, were valued at $140 billion in 2018. Canada is the largest market for US agricultural exports, followed by Mexico, the European Union, Japan, and China. In the decade prior to 2018, China had been the #1 or #2 market for US agricultural products each year, according to the US Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service. However, trade disputes between the two countries led to a steep decline in US oilseed exports among other commodities. Imports to the US grew by 6% in 2018 to $129 billion. Imports have grown at a faster rate than exports since 2016, driven in part by strong domestic economic growth.
Products, Operations & Technology
Major products are corn (25% of US industry revenue); soybeans (20%); fruits, tree nuts, and berries (15%); and vegetables and melons (9%). Other major
Sales & Marketing
Finance & Regulation
Regional & International Issues
Also includes the following chapters:
Quarterly Industry Update
Trends and Opportunities
Call Preparation Questions
Glossary of Acronyms