First Research US Industry Profile

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Railroads
SIC Codes: 4011
NAICS Codes: 482
Last Quarterly Update: 5/27/2019
Companies in this industry transport freight and passengers by rail. Major companies include Amtrak, Burlington Northern Santa Fe, CSX, Norfolk Southern, and Union Pacific (all based in the US), along with Deutsche Bahn (Germany), East Japan Railway (Japan), RZD (Russia), and SNCF (France).
Worldwide, the railroad industry encompasses about 1 million miles of installed rail track and more than 6 million units of rolling stock, according to UNIFE, a trade association for the European railroad equipment manufacturing industry. The Asia/Pacific region accounts for the bulk of recently added track, primarily due to the construction of new routes in China and India. Approximately 40% of the world's track is electrified, mostly in Western Europe and Asia/Pacific, leaving considerable opportunity for further track electrification in other markets.
The US railroad industry includes about 600 freight railroads with combined annual revenue of about $74 billion, according to the Association of American Railroads. Commuter, switching and terminal, and tourist railroads are not included in the industry.
Competitive Landscape
Demand is driven by sales of bulk commodities and other items best transported by rail. The profitability of individual companies depends on operating efficiently and controlling maintenance expenses. Large companies have advantages in owning systems that connect numerous markets and enable them to serve national customers. Small companies can compete effectively by serving local markets. The US industry is highly concentrated: the top seven companies account for the majority of industry revenue.
The US government classifies freight railroads into three classes, based on operating revenue. Seven line-haul Class I railroads -- BNSF Railway, CSX Transportation, Kansas City Southern, Norfolk Southern, Union Pacific, Canadian National Railway, and Canadian Pacific Railway -- operate in the US, according to the Surface Transportation Board. Class I carriers account for about 70% of US freight rail mileage, 90% of employees, and nearly 95% of revenue. Class II and Class III short-line and regional railroads account for about 30% of US freight rail mileage and 10% of employees. These railroads, of which there are about 550, often feed traffic to Class I railroads and receive traffic from Class I railroads for final delivery.
Freight railroads compete mainly with barges, pipelines, and trucks to transport commodities, and with trucks to transport finished goods. Passenger train services typically compete with airlines, bus services, and automobiles.
Products, Operations & Technology
Major services are the transport of commodities, including coal, grain, crushed rock, and chemicals; containers of consumer goods; automobiles; and passengers. ... plus:
Sales & Marketing
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Finance & Regulation
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Regional & International Issues
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Human Resources
Also includes the following chapters:
Quarterly Industry Update
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Industry Indicators
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Business Challenges
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Trends and Opportunities
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Call Preparation Questions
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Financial Information
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Industry Forecast
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Industry Websites
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Glossary of Acronyms

Historical Profiles (PDF format)

02/25/2019
11/26/2018
08/27/2018
05/28/2018
03/05/2018
11/27/2017
08/28/2017
05/15/2017
02/13/2017
11/07/2016
08/08/2016
05/09/2016
02/08/2016
11/02/2015
08/03/2015
05/04/2015
01/26/2015
10/27/2014
07/28/2014
05/05/2014
02/10/2014
11/04/2013
08/12/2013
05/20/2013
02/25/2013
11/19/2012
08/27/2012
06/11/2012
03/19/2012
11/28/2011
08/29/2011
05/16/2011
02/14/2011
11/01/2010
08/09/2010
05/03/2010
02/01/2010