First Research US Industry Profile

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Pulp & Paper Mills
SIC Codes: 2611, 2621, 2631
NAICS Codes: 3221
Last Quarterly Update: 5/27/2019
Companies in this industry primarily manufacture pulp, paper, and paperboard. Major US companies include Clearwater Paper, Verso, WestRock, and units of integrated manufacturers Georgia Pacific and International Paper; major companies based outside the US include Nine Dragons Paper (China), Nippon Paper (Japan), Smurfit Kappa (Ireland), and Stora Enso (Finland).
The global pulp and paper industry produces about 400 million metric tons of paper and 180 million metric tons of pulp per year, according to RISI, a data service specializing in forest products industries.
The US pulp, paper, and paperboard mill industry includes about 450 establishments (single-location companies and units of multi-location companies) with combined annual revenue of about $75 billion.
Competitive Landscape
Demand depends on both consumer and business use of paper products. The profitability of individual companies depends largely on production efficiency. Mills owned by large paper companies have advantages by being vertically integrated; the parent corporation may own timber farms, sawmills, pulp and paper mills, conversion plants, and other end-product manufacturing facilities. Small mills can compete successfully in regional markets, in close proximity to timber sources or customers. The US industry is highly concentrated: the top 50 companies account for 90% of revenue.
Imports of pulp and paper mill products account for about 15% of the US market. Canada is the largest source of imports. Exports, chiefly to Canada, Mexico, China, and Japan, account for about 20% of US production.
Canada is also the largest supplier of imported logs, a key raw material for this industry. The US and Canada have ongoing trade issues regarding timber.
Products, Operations & Technology
Paper accounts for 55% of US industry revenue, paperboard for 35%, and pulp for 5%. Other products include newsprint; nonwood pulp from cotton, straw, ... plus:
Sales & Marketing
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Finance & Regulation
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Regional & International Issues
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Human Resources
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Industry Indicators
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Business Challenges
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Trends and Opportunities
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Financial Information
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Industry Forecast
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Glossary of Acronyms

Historical Profiles (PDF format)

02/25/2019
11/19/2018
08/20/2018
05/21/2018
02/19/2018
11/13/2017
08/14/2017
05/15/2017
02/13/2017
11/07/2016
08/08/2016
05/09/2016
02/08/2016
10/26/2015
07/27/2015
04/27/2015
02/02/2015
11/03/2014
08/11/2014
05/19/2014
02/24/2014
11/18/2013
08/26/2013
06/03/2013
03/11/2013
12/03/2012
09/10/2012
06/25/2012
04/02/2012
12/12/2011
09/19/2011
06/06/2011
03/07/2011
11/15/2010
08/23/2010
05/17/2010
02/08/2010